Gunpowder
Plot
 
 
The
Gunpowder
Plot
conspirators,
led
 
by
Robert Catesby,
were
Roman Catholics
angry
 
at
King James I
 
for
refusing
 
to
grant
 
greater
religious
tolerance
 
 
to
Catholics.
 
They
planned
 
to
blow up
 
the
Houses of Parliament
 
during
 
the
 
state
opening
 
of
Parliament,
 
intending
 
to
kill
 
the
King
 
and
members of Parliament
 
 
in order
 
to
re-establish
Catholic
rule
 
in
England.
 
 
The
plan
failed
when
 
the
conspirators
were
betrayed.
 
One
 
of
them,
Guy Fawkes,
was
taken
into
custody
 
the
evening
before
 
the
attack,
in
 
the
cellar
 
where
 
the
explosives
 
to
be
used
were
hidden.
 
 
The
other
conspirators
were
all
either
killed
resisting
 
capture,
or
like
Guy Fawkes,
 
tried,
convicted,
 
 
and
executed.
 
Parliament
declared
November
5th
 
 
a
national
day
 
of
thanksgiving,
 
and
 
the
first
celebration
 
of
 
it
 
took place
in
 
1606.